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    As defined by the Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction, “Title I Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act provides financial assistance to states and school districts to meet the education needs of students. The goal of Title I is to provide extra instructional services and activities which support students identified as failing the state’s challenging performance standards in the areas of mathematics, reading, and writing.”

    The Learning Assistance Program (LAP), as defined by Seattle Public Schools, "offers supplemental services for K-12 students scoring below grade-level standards in English Language Arts and Mathematics." LAP for Readiness skills in reading is also offered from grades K-2. These supports may include readiness skills, skill acquisition and building, or behavior supports to address barriers preventing students from accessing core instruction.


    Students are made eligible for Title 1 or LAP services based on their scores on standardized assessments such as MAP or SBAC (grades 3-12), or other state or district-wide assessments. Students are taught in the areas of reading, writing, and math and K-2 readiness skills. In addition students may receive emotional/behavioral supports if their work and performance adversely affect their academics. Teaching of students may be done in small pull-out groups, individual pull-outs, or directly in the classroom during class instructional time. Students receive “research-based best practices in reading or math interventions.” Teaching materials include curricula used by district or other curricula from approved district alternative. Students are assessed at least 3 times a year to determine their progress. Students are exited from either Title 1 or LAP based on performance on state and district assessments, performance in daily academic work and teacher recommendations.

    Selections of resources used in instruction include:
    Math in Focus
    Teachers College Readers Workshop
    Teachers College Writers Workshop
    Fountas and Pinnell Leveled Readers and Online reading
    Online research materials
    History textbooks
    Words Their Way
    Phonics Programs
    Supplemental math materials
    Supplemental reading materials
    RULER and other positive behavior supports
    Teacher developed materials
    Educational games
    Manipulatives and other hands-on learning materials
    Computer assisted learning programs